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Industrial Cameras

Industrial cameras (also called "machine vision cameras") consist of two basic building blocks: the image sensor and the digital interface. The image sensor is a matrix of hundreds of thousands of light sensitive cells, called "pixels". These pixels convert light intensity into an output voltage. The digital interface converts the pixel's output voltage into digital graylevels, puts all graylevel together to form an image and transfers this image to a computer. This transfer is usually based on USB 2.0, FireWire or GigE interfaces. A typical basic industrial camera provides a resolution of 640x480 pixel and a frame rate of 30 images/s.

The Imaging Source industrial cameras ship with CCD and CMOS sensors

The term "industrial cameras" is a little bit misleading since these cameras are not only used for machine vision but also for medical, scientific and security purposes. The following sections outline the typical features of industrial cameras.

Image sensors

Traditionally, industrial cameras use CCD image sensors. They offer high sensitivity and a low noise level. Additionally, CCD sensors for industrial cameras are characterized by three other important features:

  1. They have a global shutter
  2. They are available as monochrome and color versions
  3. They are available for many years to come

Meanwhile, more and more CMOS image sensors are used in industrial cameras. Due to their low price, they support the trend to lower the cost of machine vision applications. However, the rolling shutter of most CMOS sensors limits the range of applications. The Imaging Source offers industrial cameras with CCD and CMOS image sensors.

No image processing

Digital sensors convert physical or chemical properties (temperature, acidity, etc.) into a digital signal. They do not analyze, process or evaluate the property - they only convert it as precisely as possible. Industrial cameras are sensors, which convert light intensity into a digital signal. This signal is called an "image". These images do not have to look nice. For machine vision applications, it is only necessary that they convert light intensity as precisely as possible. Therefore, industrial cameras do not beautify the images. Similarly, compressed images should be avoided for machine vision purposes. The Imaging Source's industrial cameras with color sensors provide images free of any post-processing (RAW color or Bayer cameras).

Manual settings

The previous section emphasized that industrial cameras should be viewed as a sensor. An end-user must be able to specify the exact behavior of the sensor. Therefore, all camera parameters (exposure time, gain, etc.) have to be under control of the user. Thus, all parameters of The Imaging Source's industrial cameras can be set manually, using the included software.

Lenses

Machine vision covers an enormous range of applications. Therefore, most industrial cameras do not ship with a lens but a lens mount. For machine vision applications there are two standards: C-mount and CS-mount. The industrial cameras, manufactured by The Imaging Source support those two standards. In addition to normal C-mount and CS-mount lenses, the market offers microscopes, telescopes, endoscopes and other optical instruments that have a mount based on these standards.

Digital I/Os

Machine vision does not only mean capturing images but also communicating with machines. Industrial cameras offer digital I/Os for this purpose. The most commonly used I/O is the trigger input. In trigger mode, an industrial camera works like a photo camera: an external event causes the acquisition of a single image. A typical machine vision example is a conveyor belt with a light barrier and an industrial camera mounted directly behind it. If an object passes the light barrier it creates a pulse that, in turn, creates an image of the object. All industrial cameras, manufactured by The Imaging Source, are optionally available with a trigger input.

Programming interface

Industrial cameras are digital sensors. Their signals - the images - have to be analyzed by a computer. But before this analysis can take place, the camera's parameters must be set and the images captured. Usually, machine vision applications require that all three parts - camera control, image acquisition and image analysis - are integrated into one and the same program. The manufacturers of industrial cameras offer programming interfaces for the integration of the camera control and the image acquisition. Often, these interfaces are proprietary. In contrast, all industrial cameras of The Imaging Source are compatible to Microsoft Window's standard programming interface for camera control and image acquisition - DirectX / DirectShow.

Long term availability

The commercial origin of machine vision is the capital goods industry. Components used in this context do not have to follow the newest technology, but in contrast they have to be available for years. Therefore, most industrial cameras of The Imaging Source are based on programmable building blocks and standardized interfaces. Thus, the behavior of The Imaging Source's industrial cameras remains the same, even if some electronic components should no longer be available.

 

Monochrome USB Industrial Cameras

 Order CodeCategoryTypeResFormatSensorFPSTrigI/OAuto Iris
Subject to change
The Imaging Source DMK 22BUC03DMK 22BUC03Industrial cameraMono744x4801/3 "MT9V0247611
The Imaging Source DMK 51BU02.HDMK 51BU02.HIndustrial cameraMono1600x12001/1.8 "ICX274AL1211
The Imaging Source DMK 72AUC02DMK 72AUC02Industrial cameraMono2592x19441/2.5 "MT9P0316
The Imaging Source DMK 31BU03DMK 31BU03Industrial cameraMono1024x7681/3 "ICX204AL301
The Imaging Source DMK 21AU04DMK 21AU04Industrial cameraMono640x4801/4 "ICX098BL60
The Imaging Source DMK 21BU04.HDMK 21BU04.HIndustrial cameraMono640x4801/4 "ICX098BL6011
The Imaging Source DMK 22AUC03DMK 22AUC03Industrial cameraMono744x4801/3 "MT9V02476
The Imaging Source DMK 72BUC02DMK 72BUC02Industrial cameraMono2592x19441/2.5 "MT9P031611
The Imaging Source DMK 51BU02DMK 51BU02Industrial cameraMono1600x12001/1.8 "ICX274AL121
The Imaging Source DMK 51AU02DMK 51AU02Industrial cameraMono1600x12001/1.8 "ICX274AL12
The Imaging Source DMK 41BU02.HDMK 41BU02.HIndustrial cameraMono1280x9601/2 "ICX205AL1511
The Imaging Source DMK 41AU02DMK 41AU02Industrial cameraMono1280x9601/2 "ICX205AL15
The Imaging Source DMK 31AU03DMK 31AU03Industrial cameraMono1024x7681/3 "ICX204AL30
The Imaging Source DMK 41BU02DMK 41BU02Industrial cameraMono1280x9601/2 "ICX205AL151
The Imaging Source DMK 21BU04DMK 21BU04Industrial cameraMono640x4801/4 "ICX098BL601
The Imaging Source DMK 31BU03.HDMK 31BU03.HIndustrial cameraMono1024x7681/3 "ICX204AL3011
The Imaging Source DMK 42BUC03DMK 42BUC03Industrial cameraMono1280x9601/3 "MT9M0212511
The Imaging Source DMK 42AUC03DMK 42AUC03Industrial cameraMono1280x9601/3 "MT9M02125

Monochrome FireWire Industrial Cameras

 Order CodeCategoryTypeResFormatSensorFPSTrigI/OAuto Iris
Subject to change
The Imaging Source DMK 21BF04.HDMK 21BF04.HIndustrial cameraMono640x4801/4 "ICX098BL6011
The Imaging Source DMK 21AF04DMK 21AF04Industrial cameraMono640x4801/4 "ICX098BL60
The Imaging Source DMK 31BF03.HDMK 31BF03.HIndustrial cameraMono1024x7681/3 "ICX204AL3011
The Imaging Source DMK 31BF03DMK 31BF03Industrial cameraMono1024x7681/3 "ICX204AL301
The Imaging Source DMK 41AF02DMK 41AF02Industrial cameraMono1280x9601/2 "ICX205AL15
The Imaging Source DMK 41BF02.HDMK 41BF02.HIndustrial cameraMono1280x9601/2 "ICX205AL1511
The Imaging Source DMK 31AF03DMK 31AF03Industrial cameraMono1024x7681/3 "ICX204AL30
The Imaging Source DMK 21BF04DMK 21BF04Industrial cameraMono640x4801/4 "ICX098BL601
The Imaging Source DMK 41BF02DMK 41BF02Industrial cameraMono1280x9601/2 "ICX205AL151

Monochrome GigE Industrial Cameras

 Order CodeCategoryTypeResFormatSensorFPSTrigI/OAuto Iris
Subject to change
The Imaging Source DMK 31AG03.IDMK 31AG03.IIndustrial cameraMono1024x7681/3 "ICX204AL301
The Imaging Source DMK 41AG02.IDMK 41AG02.IIndustrial cameraMono1280x9601/2 "ICX205AL151
The Imaging Source DMK 51AG02DMK 51AG02Industrial cameraMono1600x12001/1.8 "ICX274AL15
The Imaging Source DMK 51AG02.IDMK 51AG02.IIndustrial cameraMono1600x12001/1.8 "ICX274AL151
The Imaging Source DMK 21AG04.IDMK 21AG04.IIndustrial cameraMono640x4801/4 "ICX098BL601
The Imaging Source DMK 41AG02DMK 41AG02Industrial cameraMono1280x9601/2 "ICX205AL15
The Imaging Source DMK 51BG02.HDMK 51BG02.HIndustrial cameraMono1600x12001/1.8 "ICX274AL1511
The Imaging Source DMK 21BG04.HDMK 21BG04.HIndustrial cameraMono640x4801/4 "ICX098BL6011
The Imaging Source DMK 31BG03.HDMK 31BG03.HIndustrial cameraMono1024x7681/3 "ICX204AL3011
The Imaging Source DMK 21AG04DMK 21AG04Industrial cameraMono640x4801/4 "ICX098BL60
The Imaging Source DMK 31AG03DMK 31AG03Industrial cameraMono1024x7681/3 "ICX204AL30
The Imaging Source DMK 41BG02.HDMK 41BG02.HIndustrial cameraMono1280x9601/2 "ICX205AL1511

Color USB Industrial Cameras

 Order CodeCategoryTypeResFormatSensorFPSTrigI/OAuto Iris
Subject to change
The Imaging Source DFK 42AUC03DFK 42AUC03Industrial cameraColor1280x9601/3 "MT9M02125
The Imaging Source DFK 42BUC03DFK 42BUC03Industrial cameraColor1280x9601/3 "MT9M0212511
The Imaging Source DFK 41BU02DFK 41BU02Industrial cameraColor1280x9601/2 "ICX205AK151
The Imaging Source DFK 41AU02DFK 41AU02Industrial cameraColor1280x9601/2 "ICX205AK15
The Imaging Source DFK 61BUC02DFK 61BUC02Industrial cameraColor2048x15361/2 "MT9T0311011
The Imaging Source DFK 72AUC02DFK 72AUC02Industrial cameraColor2592x19441/2.5 "MT9P0316
The Imaging Source DFK 72BUC02DFK 72BUC02Industrial cameraColor2592x19441/2.5 "MT9P031611
The Imaging Source DFK 41BU02.HDFK 41BU02.HIndustrial cameraColor1280x9601/2 "ICX205AK1511
The Imaging Source DFK 22AUC03DFK 22AUC03Industrial cameraColor744x4801/3 "MT9V02476
The Imaging Source DFK 22BUC03DFK 22BUC03Industrial cameraColor744x4801/3 "MT9V0247611
The Imaging Source DFK 31BU03.HDFK 31BU03.HIndustrial cameraColor1024x7681/3 "ICX204AK3011
The Imaging Source DFK 21AU04DFK 21AU04Industrial cameraColor640x4801/4 "ICX098BQ60
The Imaging Source DFK 21BU04DFK 21BU04Industrial cameraColor640x4801/4 "ICX098BQ601
The Imaging Source DFK 21BU04.HDFK 21BU04.HIndustrial cameraColor640x4801/4 "ICX098BQ6011
The Imaging Source DFK 51BU02.HDFK 51BU02.HIndustrial cameraColor1600x12001/1.8 "ICX274AQ1211
The Imaging Source DFK 51BU02DFK 51BU02Industrial cameraColor1600x12001/1.8 "ICX274AQ121
The Imaging Source DFK 31BU03DFK 31BU03Industrial cameraColor1024x7681/3 "ICX204AK301
The Imaging Source DFK 61AUC02DFK 61AUC02Industrial cameraColor2048x15361/2 "MT9T03110
The Imaging Source DFK 51AU02DFK 51AU02Industrial cameraColor1600x12001/1.8 "ICX274AQ12
The Imaging Source DFK 31AU03DFK 31AU03Industrial cameraColor1024x7681/3 "ICX204AK30

Color FireWire Industrial Cameras

 Order CodeCategoryTypeResFormatSensorFPSTrigI/OAuto Iris
Subject to change
The Imaging Source DFK 31BF03.HDFK 31BF03.HIndustrial cameraColor1024x7681/3 "ICX204AK3011
The Imaging Source DFK 21AF04DFK 21AF04Industrial cameraColor640x4801/4 "ICX098BQ60
The Imaging Source DFK 41BF02.HDFK 41BF02.HIndustrial cameraColor1280x9601/2 "ICX205AK1511
The Imaging Source DFK 41AF02DFK 41AF02Industrial cameraColor1280x9601/2 "ICX205AK15
The Imaging Source DFK 31BF03DFK 31BF03Industrial cameraColor1024x7681/3 "ICX204AK301
The Imaging Source DFK 21BF04.HDFK 21BF04.HIndustrial cameraColor640x4801/4 "ICX098BQ6011
The Imaging Source DFK 41BF02DFK 41BF02Industrial cameraColor1280x9601/2 "ICX205AK151
The Imaging Source DFK 31AF03DFK 31AF03Industrial cameraColor1024x7681/3 "ICX204AK30
The Imaging Source DFK 21BF04DFK 21BF04Industrial cameraColor640x4801/4 "ICX098BQ601

Color GigE Industrial Cameras

 Order CodeCategoryTypeResFormatSensorFPSTrigI/OAuto Iris
Subject to change
The Imaging Source DBK 31AG03DBK 31AG03Industrial cameraBayer1024x7681/3 "ICX204AK30
The Imaging Source DBK 21AG04.IDBK 21AG04.IIndustrial cameraBayer640x4801/4 "ICX098BQ601
The Imaging Source DBK 41AG02.IDBK 41AG02.IIndustrial cameraBayer1280x9601/2 "ICX205AK151
The Imaging Source DBK 21BG04.HDBK 21BG04.HIndustrial cameraBayer640x4801/4 "ICX098BQ6011
The Imaging Source DBK 31BG03.HDBK 31BG03.HIndustrial cameraBayer1024x7681/3 "ICX204AK3011
The Imaging Source DBK 41BG02.HDBK 41BG02.HIndustrial cameraBayer1280x9601/2 "ICX205AK1511
The Imaging Source DBK 41AG02DBK 41AG02Industrial cameraBayer1280x9601/2 "ICX205AK15
The Imaging Source DBK 21AG04DBK 21AG04Industrial cameraBayer640x4801/4 "ICX098BQ60
The Imaging Source DBK 31AG03.IDBK 31AG03.IIndustrial cameraBayer1024x7681/3 "ICX204AK301

Bayer USB Industrial Cameras

 Order CodeCategoryTypeResFormatSensorFPSTrigI/OAuto Iris
Subject to change
The Imaging Source DBK 21AU04DBK 21AU04Industrial cameraBayer640x4801/4 "ICX098BQ60
The Imaging Source DBK 41BU02DBK 41BU02Industrial cameraBayer1280x9601/2 "ICX205AK1511
The Imaging Source DBK 31BU03.HDBK 31BU03.HIndustrial cameraBayer1024x7681/3 "ICX204AK3011
The Imaging Source DBK 61BUC02DBK 61BUC02Industrial cameraBayer2048x15361/2 "MT9T031101
The Imaging Source DBK 61AUC02DBK 61AUC02Industrial cameraBayer2048x15361/2 "MT9T03110
The Imaging Source DBK 31AU03DBK 31AU03Industrial cameraBayer1024x7681/3 "ICX204AK30
The Imaging Source DBK 41AUC03DBK 41AUC03Industrial cameraBayer1280x10241/3 "MT9M13124
The Imaging Source DBK 21BUC03DBK 21BUC03Industrial cameraBayer744x4801/3 "MT9V024601
The Imaging Source DBK 51BUC03DBK 51BUC03Industrial cameraBayer1600x12001/3 "MT9D131201
The Imaging Source DBK 41AU02DBK 41AU02Industrial cameraBayer1280x9601/2 "ICX205AK15
The Imaging Source DBK 21BU04DBK 21BU04Industrial cameraBayer640x4801/4 "ICX098BQ6011
The Imaging Source DBK 41BUC03DBK 41BUC03Industrial cameraBayer1280x10241/3 "MT9M131241
The Imaging Source DBK 41BU02.HDBK 41BU02.HIndustrial cameraBayer1280x9601/2 "ICX205AK1511
The Imaging Source DBK 21BU04.HDBK 21BU04.HIndustrial cameraBayer640x4801/4 "ICX098BQ6011
The Imaging Source DBK 21AUC03DBK 21AUC03Industrial cameraBayer744x4801/3 "MT9V02460
The Imaging Source DBK 51AUC03DBK 51AUC03Industrial cameraBayer1600x12001/3 "MT9D13120
The Imaging Source DBK 31BU03DBK 31BU03Industrial cameraBayer1024x7681/3 "ICX204AK3011

Bayer FireWire Industrial Cameras

 Order CodeCategoryTypeResFormatSensorFPSTrigI/OAuto Iris
Subject to change
The Imaging Source DBK 31AF03DBK 31AF03Industrial cameraBayer1024x7681/3 "ICX204AK30
The Imaging Source DBK 41AF02DBK 41AF02Industrial cameraBayer1280x9601/2 "ICX205AK15
The Imaging Source DBK 21BF04DBK 21BF04Industrial cameraBayer640x4801/4 "ICX098BQ6011
The Imaging Source DBK 31BF03.HDBK 31BF03.HIndustrial cameraBayer1024x7681/3 "ICX204AK3011
The Imaging Source DBK 31BF03DBK 31BF03Industrial cameraBayer1024x7681/3 "ICX204AK3011
The Imaging Source DBK 21AF04DBK 21AF04Industrial cameraBayer640x4801/4 "ICX098BQ60
The Imaging Source DBK 41BF02.HDBK 41BF02.HIndustrial cameraBayer1280x9601/2 "ICX205AK1511
The Imaging Source DBK 21BF04.HDBK 21BF04.HIndustrial cameraBayer640x4801/4 "ICX098BQ6011
The Imaging Source DBK 41BF02DBK 41BF02Industrial cameraBayer1280x9601/2 "ICX205AK1511
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